In the landmark case Obergefell v. Hodges, the U. Supreme Court ruled that all state bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, making gay marriage legal throughout America. The ruling was a culmination of decades of struggles, setbacks and victories along the road to full marriage equality in the United States. In , just one year after the historic Stonewall Riots that galvanized the gay rights movement, law student Richard Baker and librarian James McConnell applied for a marriage license in Minnesota.
Same-Sex Marriage License Laws in the U.S
Connecticut thus joins Massachusetts and California as the only states to have legalized gay marriages. The ruling, which cannot be appealed and is to take effect on Oct. Striking at the heart of discriminatory traditions in America, the court — in language that often rose above the legal landscape into realms of social justice for a new century — recalled that laws in the not-so-distant past barred interracial marriages, excluded women from occupations and official duties, and relegated blacks to separate but supposedly equal public facilities. Palmer wrote for the majority in a 4-to-3 decision that explored the nature of homosexual identity, the history of societal views toward homosexuality and the limits of gay political power compared with that of blacks and women. The ruling was groundbreaking in various respects.
Same-Sex Marriage License Laws
Same-sex couples began marrying in Connecticut on November 12, after the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled in favor of the freedom to marry on October 10, According to The Williams Institute's analysis of the U. Census, 7, same-sex couples are living in Connecticut, representing 5. Commissioner of Public Health. April 21, Connecticut passes a state statute that allows same-sex couples to enter into civil union, but, for the first time in the state, restricts marriage to different-sex couples.
Connecticut was the second U. State law bans unfair discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity in employment, housing and public accommodations, and both conversion therapy and the gay panic defense are outlawed in the state. The Fundamental Orders , which established Connecticut as a self-ruling colony in , provided that laws adopted by the Connecticut authorities would be consistent with those of England. As a result, common law was adopted in the colony, which recognized sodomy as a capital offense for males only. A sodomy statute providing for the death penalty was passed in